Tasks.

  1. In each space below put a verb made from the noun in brackets after the sentence.

a)    The teachers_____ the pupils to study.( courage)

b)   I want to_____ my house by building  an extra room.(extent)

c)    Fireworks_____ dogs and cats.(fright)

d)   The doctor gave her some tablets to____ the pain.(relief)

e)    If the ambulance doesn’t come soon, he’ll_____ to death.(blood)

f)     The police can’t_____ that he committed the crime.(proof)

g)    The smoke was so dense that we could hardly_____.(breath)

h)   She said women must_____ themselves from male domination.(liberty)

i)      More floods could _____hundreds of homes.(danger)

j)      The police are trying to ____the body.(identity)

 

  1. Make verbs ending in –en from the following adjectives, making any necessary spelling changes, then  put them in their correct places in the sentences below.

 FLAT, LESS, WORSE, SWEET, DEAF, LOOSE, BRIGHT, WIDE, LIGHT, RIPE

 a)    Tomorrow will begin dark and cloudy but it will_____ later.

b)   You can______ the risk of theft by locking your bicycle.

c)    These apples_____ in June.

d)   You should_____ this dish by adding sugar.

e)    The hospital phoned to warn that her husband’s condition was beginning to_____.

f)     This road is very narrow but they’re planning to ______ it.

g)    He managed to _____ the ropes round his wrists and escape.

h)   They decided to _____  the ship by throwing some machinery into the sea.

i)      I don’t know how that loud music doesn’t _____ people.

j)      They are going to ______ that rough area to make a football pitch.

  1. In the following exercises syllables or words are to be added to the front of other words to change or add to their  meaning. Where necessary, hyphens have been placed in the sentences.

 

POST-(after), MONO-(one), ANTI-(against), NON-(not)

a)    He got his university degree last year. Now he’s doing______ graduate studies.

b)   Some flights go from London to the Middle East_____ stop.

c)    The words ‘ fat’, ‘help’ and ‘come’ are all syllables.

d)   That’s_____ sense! You don’t know what you’re talking about.

e)    The principal_____ -war problem was to rebuild the destroyed  cities and industries.

f)     Maybe future trains  will run on just a single rail. This system is called a______ rail.

g)    To prevent petrol from freezing, put_____ freeze in the tank.

h)   I’m not______ -marriage. I think it’s a very good custom.

i)      I’m afraid the club is not open to______ -members.

 

  1.   a)   Some common words are best known and more often used in their abbreviated form (often with a small change in spelling). Give the short forms of the following.

PHOTOGRAPH, MACKINTOSH, GYMNASIUM, NEWSPAPER, HIPPOPOTAMUS, TAXI-CAB, BICYCLE, POPULAR(music), PUBLIC HOUSE, ZOOLOGICAL GARDENS, VETERINARY SURGEON, FACSIMILE TRANSMISSION.

 

b) Other words are normally used in their full form, but are sometimes  shortened in conversational, colloquial. Give the full form of each word below.

 

AD, LIMO, DEMO, LAB, DOC, MIKE, SPECS, COMFY, LIB(women’s), CHAMP(sport), PRO(sport), NIGHTIE.

 

  1. How many pairs of words can you make which are the reverse of each other in spelling? E.g. raw-war, part-trap

 

  1. Make words from each of the following combinations of letters, using the letters in the same order.

   E.g. TRR- straighter, terrible; LPD- slipped, limped;

 

CTN, SLR, LWR, BNS, EVS, FTN, OLG.

 

  1. Rearrange the letters in the words on the right to form examples of the categories given in brackets.

E.g. ANIMAL    shore                   Answer: horse

 

OCCUPATIONS            treprance, rotac, yerwal, roflabotle, mailponce, creathe, olicipiant;

 

COUNTRIES                  gratanine, imblegu, geraila, dannawezel, odaninise, vilabio, dangle, acoshifarut:

 

CLPTHING                     wendaurer, wastree, acration, volerulp, octavero, souble, rortessu, caktej.

 

  1. For each word below give another which has a different spelling and meaning but exactly the same pronunciation.

 

E.g. road-rode, patience- patients

 

Mist, break, size, weak, see, flower, bear, sight, isle, pain, saw, prints.

 

  1. From each word below make a completely new word( no plurals or past tenses) by adding one letter.

 

E.g. red-read, ill-will.

 

Bee, low, right, car, sick, he, back, ear, eat, care, end, were, mile, hot, wear, plan, cat, net.

 

  1. In each of the following sentences one letter has been omitted throughout. Put it back and make the original sentence.

 

E.g. MBOSPLAWITHTOSEVERDA

Answer: My boys play with toys every day.(-Y omitted).

 

GRNDMLWYSHDBDBCK

THNKLLHTHMFHESSLLYAGAN

HEYHINKISBEEROAKEARAIN

NLYNERTWBYSKNWWHWRTETHENTE

THTHRVRYWLLDRSSDWOMNWNTTHRVRYWDNSDAY

 

  1. Choose the right answer.

1)   A part of speech which includes words expressing the attributes of substances:

a)    the noun              c) the adjective

b)   the verb               d) the pronoun 

2)   The main syntactical function of an adjective in the sentence is:

a)    an attribute               c) the object

b)    the subject               d) a predicative

3)   To distinguish members of the same family or to show that we speak of people higher in rank and authority we use:

a)    older               c) oldest

b)    elder               d) eldest

4)   ___________ is used to express that something will follow.

 

a) Farther               c) Farthest

b) Further               d) Furthest

          5) Adverb of time and frequency are:

               a) generally              c) within                                                                                                              

               b) often                     d) fast

          6) _____ fact, Negroes are deprived____ any rights.

                a) in, in               c) in, of

                b) of, far              d) of, in

          7) We haven’t worked_______ today.

                 a) long               c) low

                 b) far                  d) straight

           8) Write out in English the date 1945.

                  a) nineteen forty-five

                  b) one thousand nine hundred forty-five

                   c) nineteen hundred forty-five

                   d) nineteen and forty-five

           9) Are you going ______ tomorrow?

                   a) nowhere               c) somewhere

                   b) anywhere              d) long away

           10) I am sure I’ve met him_______.

                    a) anywhere               c) nowhere

                    b) long away              d) somewhere

            11. There were _____ any people in the street.

                     a) hardly                c) much far

                     b) nearly                d) very

            12. The teacher can’t understand ______ the pupil is late.

                      a) when                c) why

                      b) where               d) how

            13. He told everything ________ he returned home from France.

                      a) when                c) why

                      b) where               d) how

            14. Some animals have ______ teeth.

                     a) sharp                  b) sharply

            15. Helen turned around(how)_______.

                     a) slowly                c) lonely

                     b) loudly                 d) merrily

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